Archive for Ceit

Ceit’s Recommendations from GoodReads: Higher Education

Ceit’s bookshelf: higher-education

How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching
really liked it
higher-education, instructional-design, and learning
Web 2.0 How-To for Educators
really liked it
higher-education, instructional-design, intro-to-tech, and teaching…
Engaging the Online Learner: Activities and Resources for Creative Instruction
liked it
higher-education, instructional-design, and teaching-online
How to Create and Use Rubrics for Formative Assessment and Grading
it was amazing
educational, higher-education, and instructional-design
Project Management for Trainers, 2nd Edition
really liked it
higher-education and instructional-design

#Inktober, why I am doing it this month

Inktober is an initiative by Jake Parker – It is a 31 one day drawing challenge, in which you draw with ink and paper every day for the month of October.  These are the official rules of the challenge. He also has created prompts for the month.

You can follow me on Instagram to see my progression.











This is my first Inktober. I decided to do the challenge this year because I really wanted to challenge myself. I do think it will help me to develop my drawing skills and have something to look forward to every day. I am also getting my niece involved with this as well.





I was hesitant at first doing the challenge because although not a novice, I am still unsure about my skills. I have a hard time sharing my art, because I feel it’s not good enough, or that someone will be unkind. Sure it’s my own insecurities, but that is why I really want to do this challenge, to get to a place where I am not insecure. For this Challenge, I am using a Stillman and Birn toned (tan) Nova series mixed media spiral hardcover notebook. I really do love the feel of the paper, it has a little bit of a tooth, and handles watercolor nicely.

So far, these are these are the images that I created.

I didn’t have my notebook with me for the first day of the challenge I left it home.  I did this on my Samsung Note8 with the app Autodesk Sketchbook Pro. I later printed a copy and put it in my sketchbook. The first prompt was swift, what better way to show swift is a Witches Black cat on a broom. I was tempted to do a Nimbus 2000 from Harry Poter, but I decided for a regularbroom instead.





The next image is not on the prompt but I had so much fun with the black cat I decided to do a witch. I used the same app Autodesk Sketchbook Pro.  I really like how this came out. I love that you can use the Copic colors with this app. I forgot how much I really love drawing digitally, My favorite part of this image was doing the hat.

I printed a copy of this, but instead of putting it in my Intober sketchbook, I put it in my every day one.






On day 2 the prompt was #divided. For this, I had my sketchbook with me, but I wanted to do something different. I pulled out my sharpies. As a Witch (and Pagan) I notice that although not written on a sign, a divide when people find out that I am a witch. Notice that my Witch isn’t dressed in black, or face painted with green, but she is wearing pink. She is just a normal woman with a different belief system. Of course, there are no flying brooms, but it’s fun to play with it. The cat is there at her side so she isn’t alone.

I really liked how the sharpies worked! I love the colors. I also used some highlighters that I managed to blend with a water brush.

Day 3, was poison. What better way than to show a Witches bookcase with poison. Of course, a cat shows up again. Notice on her bookcase, there are books on ethics, herbs, and poison. I bet this Witch has the remedy for the poison.







Day 4, today! So this is the last of the images. I sketched this in another sketchbook last night, I wanted to come up with some ideas for the underwater theme. This is not completed yet and not final. I most likely will sketch some more. I want to get the arms right. This is the one thing that will push me. I need to do more figure drawings.

I decided to draw a merman. I have no idea why, but I thought that it would be fitting. I also put a shark and a squid to be his companions.






I use my Bee Paper Super Delux Mixed Media for my everyday sketching. (I will be doing a video on that soon) It is one of my favorite mixed media notebooks. I have been using them in various sizes for the last year. I have filled 3 of them and just started on another one.  I also love Stillman and Birn.

UPDATE 10/05/2017:

Here is the completed drawing. It is done with all shimmering inks, with a minor exception for his skin which I did use Schminke Yellow Naples Reddish (convenience color for white skin. This quick pick doesn’t really show the prettiness of the sheen. I did a merman because I wanted to try something different. I learned a couple of things; 1) I need to work on my drawing anatomy — especially hands, arms, and torso — 2) I really like ink, but then that is a given.


I hope that everyone has a wonderful #Inktober, #Inktober



So, you want to use Rurbics?

This week I was asked to do a workshop on Rubrics at Bristol Community College. I got to the conference room early,  set up the computer, entered the collaborate room, and started my presentation. Apparently, the computer didn’t like it, and my sound in part of the video didn’t work! Wow. It was a great session with lots of great questions on Rubrics.

A rubric is a scoring tool that provides feedback using criteria, levels of competency, and explanation of expectations (Blach, Blanck, & Blach) (Reddy, Andrade). Learners find that having this tool provided to them from the start help them to manage the assignment.(Reddy, Andrade).  They use it as a checklist, understand what needs to be completed, and identify what is important. (Reddy, Andrade).

According to Stevens and Levi there are several good reasons to use rubrics;

  • Timely feedback to students
  • Inspired Critical Thinking
  • valuable communication
  • Provides a sense of fairness

Typical Rubric: Criteria is on the left side, levels of competencies are on the top. The middle section is the descriptors.  Each descriptor should be clear, consistent, and understandable to the learner. Total possible scores for each criterion are usually listed under the criteria. (Blach, Blanck, & Blach) (Reddy, Andrade)(Stevens and Levi) Although I have Excellent to Not acceptable, some use the opposite. Just keep it consistent across your course.


Excellent Very Good Good Fair Not acceptable
Topic (20%)
Formatting (10%)
Introduction (10%)
Body (10%)
Conclusion (50%)

For more information on rubrics:

Using Rubrics to Measure and Enhance Student Performance from Northern Virgina Community College

Rubrics- Sharing the rules of the Game 

Introduction to Rubrics: An Assessment Tool to Save Grading Time, Convey Effective Feedback, and Promote Student Learning

Introduction to Rubrics templates (Free downloads)

Where to find rubrics if you are not going to create your own?

Rubrics for Higher Education has many rubrics from scientific to humanities.

Rubistar: This site has a lot of rubrics – many of them are k-12 bases

IRubric: Is Higher Ed centric

Pinterest: Yes there are a lot of rubrics on Pinterest

When considered a pre-made rubric, read through the whole rubric, to see if it fits assignment that you created. If it’s close, consider reworking it.

What do you do with it once you chose it?

If you are using it in Blackboard, you will have to enter it into the system. The good part of entering it into the system, it’s easy to reuse, edit, and copy.

Blackboard: Rubric

Rubrics can make grading easy and help students better prepare for the assignment. I would recommend going through some of the material above to create great rubrics.




References:    Link will take you to the reference page.


What Happened Hillary Clinton

Amazon link to the book

What HappenedWhat Happened by Hillary Rodham Clinton
My rating: 5 of 5 stars

She does take the blame but also points out strong and damning issues surrounding the campaign. If these issues aren’t resolved we are going to have problems next time. The link will take you to GoodReads so you can see my notes, that I took while reading.  View all my reviews



When What Happened by Hillary Clinton came out, I wanted to read it. I need closure on the campaign, but I needed it from her. It will come as no shock to people that I was angry, crying angry, at her loss. I just couldn’t believe it, the polls had her winning, but still, she lost. I thought that although we still were neck deep in instructional sexism, I thought that this was the year that America could elect a woman as president I was very wrong. When combined with institutional racism, heaped on a deep resenting fair of others, and an economy which on the face of things were booming was in decline for the middle class.  With this wicked brew and a would-be president and his backers willing to bring it to a boil and drink the bitter concoction of hate, fear, and greed we got the first White President.


First off, I do not agree with Hillary on some things, but I agree more with her policies than any other. She is not perfect; she had the baggage of her husband, which Trump did try to use against her. Like Hillary in her book, I do not want to vote for a woman just because she was a woman, but rather because of her strength of polices. I am a bit more progressive, liberal, as you will than Hillary. Hillary wants universal healthcare, but I support a single payer program, expansion of Medicare and Medicaid. I believe that healthcare is a right for all not for some who had the good fortune of getting a full-time job that had health insurance.

That I had trouble with other areas. None, of them, was her email, Beetlejuice (oops I mean Benghazi). I wanted to see her to take a stand on consumer protections, student loans (free college or trade school for all), and I wanted to see her reform our broken education system, by getting rid of the for-profit test that seems to be plaguing our k-12 system.

The book did not cover any of that. The book was a reflective piece that really dived deep on many issues that this unique campaign had. Those who say that Hillary did not take any responsibility for her loss, didn’t read the book. Hillary takes responsibilities. For example, she talks about shutting down and resorting to old bad habits.

This book is necessary to read, even If you do not like Hillary. I suspect this will be necessary read in a Woman’s Studies class and a Political Science class.

The book talks about sexism in a meaningful way. She covers sexism and misogamy in the first part of her book.

Yes, she does blame a cocktail of toxicity that included Comey, Russia, and Bernie Bros.

The one issue that would be Political Scientists should look at is how social media really for the first time played a huge part in a presidential campaign. Yes, Obama used social media to organize and recruit, however, with a bit underline, not to the levels that multiple organizations (and the Russians did) in the 2016 campaign. This is new and certainly, a force that needs to be understood more.

Hillary was moving in the book talking about the days after the campaign and how she only wanted her yoga pants, comfortable shirt, and face time with her grandchildren, and Bill. Her stories were heartfelt and remind me of a lot of woman’s experiences after they lost the promotion to a man who didn’t have experience.

I learned a lot from this book, like the powerful story of the Mothers of the Movement ( or the blog She talks about all the hard work of Trayvon Martin’s mom Sybrina Fulton, and Lucia Mc Bath and how they want to see the end of the needless killings of unarmed African Americans.

This perhaps is one of my favorite quotes of the book that doesn’t get enough coverage: Located at location 3773 kindle – “When people feel left out, left behind, and without options, the deep void will be filled by anger and resentment of depression and despair about those who supposedly took away their livelihoods or cut in line.”  2016 is about how Trump exploited those people, making them empty promises, and rankling their fear, depression, and anger.

The book is more than a Mia Copia but rather a compelling look at how she lost.

Instructional Design Templates for Storyboarding


Well, what is Storyboarding? It’s a visual way pre-visualize learning assets. It can be done in many different ways, digital (Word, PowerPoint, etc…, pen and paper, whiteboard, etc.. One of my favorite sites, has some great information has more information on what it is. Also, this pdf from Columbia shows the process of storyboarding for Higher Education.  Another great blog on storyboarding can be found at Most likely, you will not storyboard a whole semester or a large project, but you will find storyboarding helpful on a small project, that can add up to a larger project.

It’s frustrating to find one great template, especially for Higher Education. I found a template that I really like. It’s by eLearning Brothers, This website has a lot of great resources that you can use in your designs. If you have Captivate CC, you have access to all of their assets. This comes in handy if you need to create a Learning Asset on the cheap (which if you are in public Higher Education, is a must).

Along with their assets, they have lots of templates. The Template that I have used is the ID template. I think it’s robust and really has a great theory behind it. The template is free all you have to do is register. It is created in PowerPoint so you don’t have to pay for Captivate (or know how it works), or other software. It’s really is for an Instructional Designer rather than a developer (sometimes this is missed. Instructional Designers, although they can be, aren’t the media designer.

The only things that I would add to the template are; accessibility (is the project ADA compliant, the right use of closed captioning, can it be accessed by screen readers– all important areas especially in Higher Ed.), copyright (who owns the rights to the images, the content material, etc., and finally, what will the copyright be for the project.  These things must be identified up front, so they won’t be a problem after the learning asset has been designed.

If you don’t know how to approach storyboarding, have no worries the eLearning Brothers have something for you. It is called 8 Steps for an Awesome eLearning Storyboard. I highly recommend it. eLearning industry has a good article as well. 12 Tips To Create Effective eLearning Storyboards.

Wonder Woman 2017


I will be spoiling some of the movie if you don’t want to be spoiled don’t read. You have been warned.


I went to go see Wonder Woman June 1st @ the 7:00 pm show.  It was shown in Real 3D. I was nervous about it. All my hopes, dreams, and expectations of this movie (40+ years) were going to be forever changed.I also went to see it again on June 3rd with my niece and nephew.

I never thought that I would never see a Feminist Wonder Woman in a 150 million dollar film directed by a woman. At best, my fear was that they would cast a woman who was all tits and ass to fill a masturbatory role to stroke male egos. When Gal Gadot was cast in the role, the first comments, were about her tit size, they weren’t big enough. Many women objected that her tits weren’t small enough. With the state of women in print comics and how they are drawn, I was worried. Worried that it would all about tits and ass.

I was wrong, happily so. The movie is a Feminist movie. It’s a must see movie. Some so feminists are saying that the first 15 minutes didn’t pass the  Bechdel Test. I strongly disagree. It was about Diana making her own choices in her life, breaking with her mother. Other feminists decrying Wonder Woman because it’s not inclusive enough, or that she isn’t a woman of color. Some are even pointing to the actor herself, because she is an Israeli citizen.


Wonder Woman is a complex character who has a warm and loving heart. She born in privilege to be the princess of the Amazons. We learn that Queen Hippolyta formed Diana out of clay and asked Zeus to give Diana life, and he did. Later we find out that Diana was the daughter of Queen Hippolyta and Zeus. She was the only child on the Island of Themyscira and the Queen wanted her to remain a child for as long as she could and wouldn’t let Diana train with the other Amazon.

Hippolyta was afraid that Diana would die or be hurt at the hands of Ares and kept her away from Amazon training. This caused angst between her and her mother even from a young age. Diana was determined to be as every bit of a warrior as her mother and aunt were.

I remember watching one reviewer who said that the first 15 minutes was like a good meal that was over before you were fully satisfied.  The battle scene on the beach was amazing, it was far too short but to see a female 300 scene was just amazing.

I felt that way too. I wanted to see more of her training more of her self-reflection. The one problem I did have with this movie, is for some strange reasons Zack Snyder didn’t allow a lapse of time between events, they seemed (except for the very beginning) all happening within days of each other and showing some kind of plot device to show the reason it would take an overnight sleep on a sailboat (that Diana wasn’t aware of) to get to London from (I assume) the Aegean Sea near Turkey, even if towed by a tug.

I loved the visuals in Wonder Woman, the beautiful colors. Themyscira is a Utopia world where nothing bad has happened since the Amazon’s made it their home. It is protected from the outside world by Zeus.  The Amazons study languages, learn weaponry and have a female positive society. They know nothing of mankind or it’s war, protected from the War God himself. Ares did admit he whispers in the ears of those who want to harm, destroy, and corrupt, but doesn’t tell people to do the things they do, he (magnanimous) just watches taking pleasure in the destruction of his father’s favorite creatures. He in many ways sounds like many of the MRA and 4Chan activists who do not take responsibility for their own actions.

Although, Ares is a man, not all men are bad. Steve Trevor, is a good man. He stands behind her and allows her to make decisions on her own, although at times he is frustrated by those choices.

Although Ares, Dr. Poison, and General Ludendorff are the villains, they were overshadowed by the biggest villain, and that is war itself, not as in the god of war, but rather the plague of war and how it affects everyone.  War destroys the mind as we see Charlie struggling with PTSD and how he could no longer function as the trained sniper. We see Sameer, reduced playing into racial stereotypes in order to get closer to the bad guys, and we see the complex Chief who doesn’t fight for anyone because he has no home left to go to.

War changes the life of everyone, even the Princess of the Amazons, who didn’t believe her mother about war. To this point for Diana, no one lost their life (in her world – sure she heard the tales of her mother), the battle was always in a protection of those who she trained with and who were training her. It became real when she looses her aunt. She believed that if she just killed Ares then the war would end, people would be good and decent and choose love over anger, hate, and resentment.

At the end, she realizes that killing Ares will not stop the war, but being true to herself, allowing others to do what needed to be done will make the difference.

Patty Jenkins says that she went for the simple superhero movie. I don’t think that this movie was “simple” but rather complex. It showed that superheroes can love and can bring hope.

The creation of an Educated Citizen

This came up on my Facebook stream. Of course, I remembered the speech from a long time ago, I read it rather than watched it. Watching it reminds me, that sometimes, historical speeches need to be listened to. As a history and political junky, I do at times search YouTube for speeches from political figures that hold an understanding of the world that they live in. This speech today somehow moved me as it linked to a discussion I have been having in the world of academics and with those who care for Higher Education.

JFK’s speech, showing up in my feed, caught my interest because it was about education. As I listened to it. I realized that this is the same argument we are having today about the very nature and need for education. Even more so with the Trump’s administration attempt to rob education, and thereby robbing the future of democracy in which a citizen can fully participate not as a spectator but as a participant.

He states in his speech, “…only an educated and informed people will be a free people; that the ignorance of one vote in a democracy impairs the security of all…” Isn’t that’s what happening today? It’s clear that because we live in a 24-hour news cycle, fake news serving red meat along side of biased news, we push of critical thinking skills away because it’s on the internet..

We rush out and we grab on what makes us “feel” something, rage, anger, hate, and passion. What happens when the news cycle changes? We don’t get to take the time we need to be informed citizens. I don’t think that JFK is saying that everyone needs to be college educated or even “formally” educated, I believe what he is saying is that we need to be diligent, use our ability to think and inform ourselves about our world.

We as good citizens should pursue activities that will allow ourselves to learn about the world we live in, add to our knowledge base and to be able to look at all points of view in order to make an informed decision which is best for our government and our world.

As educators, we need to really understand this. We are not just educating learners on a particular subject, we are creating educated citizens, who can contribute to democracy, not just our niche.  Education should include things like Critical Thinking, independent exploration of ideas and thoughts, and a good understanding how our political system works. This doesn’t have to be party or ideology specific, good critical thinking skills should be used no matter what the ideology is.

Yes, it’s hard and sometimes difficult to create assignments in your field that can help challenge, create discussion, and provoke thought, but doing so will help and encourage participation. JFK in the speech talks about service to our country, what better service can an educator have than to provide tools to all citizen learners so they can make informed and educated choices to make our country strong.

“…the educated citizen has a special obligation to encourage the pursuit of learning, to promote exploration of the unknown, to preserve the freedom of inquiry and to assist at every level of government…”

Isn’t that what an educators mission is? Just asking….

Ceit’s Sketching Fun

I am going to do a series of YouTube Videos on my adventures in Watercolor. I am not great at it, but I do enjoy it.


First sketching video. I am really just starting in the past year. I love to watch videos on drawing and watercolor. I try to sketch daily but sometimes I can’t do it..

The Materials I used
Bee Paper Company
Super Deluxe Mixed Media
4x6in. 150gm – 60 sheet spiral bound

Pentel Waterbrush.
Pocket Pallet (I found it on Etsy not eBay – I love these pallets but you can create your own small portable pallets. I have several that I am going to feature in a video in the future)

Daniel Smith Watercolors – Do I need them at this point? Probably not, but I do love the colors. I also use Revees watercolors I found for a set of 18 at Michaels for 8 dollars, in my Coloring books.

Escoba Travel Brush – I love them so much. The only draw back is if I have to bring water with me.

I will show my travel kit in a later video.

Thank you for watching.

Online Dating Pt2: THE Scammers delight

Every Scam is different, but they all work in somewhat the same way. It’s frustrating and sometimes aggravating when you first start online dating. Suddenly you experience someone who claims they care, and you start to build a friendship with that person only to find out they aren’t who they claim to be. Then the illusion falls away when you realize that they aren’t using “their” own pictures. It happens on every website, not just the free ones. I met my first scammer on

I was flattered because unlike some of the men that I met online, he text regularly, he knew what to say, and up until he was discovered he was kind. I felt stupid when I found out, because I was supposed to be “wicked smaht.” I felt like I wasn’t. I felt duped and played. I found out over careful investigation, and through questioning, he wasn’t the person who I thought I was talking to.

Some of the things just didn’t make sense. I googled his phone number and found it belonging to Viber (this site and kik are home to scammers and to married men looking for something on the side- be weary when someone asks you to get of the dating site and on to those services), a free telephone service. I asked for specific details about where he lived in MA, and he just told me Downtown Boston – no street nothing (when pressed he told me his parents bought it for him). He was supposed to be in Army, but graduated Annapolis, when I looked for the year he graduated, he wasn’t listed. I finally found that the style of military email that he was using wasn’t used by the military anymore, and the email was generated by a spoofer located in the Ukraine. So I confronted him. I just really wanted to know why he was doing this. It didn’t make sense to me. I didn’t get my answers, the Viber number and email that he was using disappeared.

I got “wicked smaht” after that. Thankfully, I wasn’t taken for money or for dirty pictures (don’t just don’t share personal pictures to a stranger). It just left me feeling just down.

I hear from more and more friends that they meet these wonderful men, then they find out that they are scammers, and their heart breaks. The scammers give us the illusion of what we want from others. The thing is, it happens to everyone, woman, man, straight, gay, etc.. They play with the feelings of people who are want to believe in love and happiness and want to share it with others.

I know that this sounds cruel, but I go in with the belief that all people that communicate through a dating service or online is a scammer. But a good rule to follow is: Start vetting before you communicate with the person, and you can do this. You can identify them almost immediately if you read their profiles. Before you talk to them. Are they using a full name, like Scott Brown (or my favorite is when they call themselves Brown Scott, not knowing that usually Brown is not a first name. It tells me that got the name from a database somewhere).

Let’s look at some I have come across:

Scammer ID

The Bot: This was from a dating site called Plenty of Fish, where you can instantly communicate with whoever. In this case I suspected a Scammer but wanted to know more and have fun. Usually the man is a widow with young children. He tells a sad story, I heard this before and new it would be a script so I created an unbelievable story to see if he would move from his script and he didn’t.

This type of scammer is called a bot, someone at the other end or a program sends out these communication. The objective of this is to get you off the site, either to continue the communication or to get your infromation. Don’t click on these links usually, it’s malware.




Military Man: Scott Beckler, is a fake, he is in uniform and is posing as a “Peace Keeper in Syria”   – We currently do not have any Peace Keepers in Syria, or any contracters in Syria, nor do we have a forward base there. They will call themselves Military Men, and do not use miltary jargon, not even the ones that are common. In this case, I figured I would give it back to him to see if he could ID the jargon I used. He didn’t know any of the Jargon I used. I knew he was a Scammer because he used his real name on Skout, no one does.



The Fictional Character: Sometimes the Scammers most likely do not know they are based on some sort of fake character from a popular western TV show. I just couldn’t help myself. When John Smith (in this case Smith, John) blonde and sporting a bow tie, I just couldn’t help myself. The conversation goes longer than what I have here, he asked me my name and I told him I was Sarah Jane. But it shows how ridiculous it is. I would have just x him but my favorite character texting me on a dating site, what girl could resist. It was like Skout gave me a little gift, just a sampling of goodness. But the sad part of this, is a woman didn’t know Doctor Who (the Doctor goes by John Smith at times), she would have been swept away by a handsome man who would be interested in her.

Why Scammers? I don’t know, all I know is that they are horrible people. Usually, woman get scammers from Nigeria or Russia, for some reason the men get them from Russia and the Philippines. It could be that they are working for others who split the money or the information that they gather.

Tinder profile.


Then there are just really disgusting men out there. That are not Scammer but are not super nice. This was taken from Tinder. I guess I saved these images because I wanted to share them with others to say that they aren’t alone, that this is really happening. There are a lot more Screen grabs that I haven’t shared, because some of them are to disgusting to share.

I can’t tell you how many unsolicited penis pictures I have gotten. I don’t know why men think it’s okay to send them,

I don’t have a lot of experience on the guy side, but in talking to some of the men, they get crazy scammers. Some just wonder outloud if these dating sites work.

But here is the thing about Scammers, they are everywhere. They will send you a message through Facebook. They will send you an unsolicited text message. They will prey anywhere they thing they can find people that will fall for them.

If a situation feels to go to be true, it could be. Trust your gut, but also trust your ability to do a google search. Search facebook for them. See if you can find out who they say they are. Sometimes you will be surprised.

Next, the Married Ones —

Curriculum: What the fuzzy heck?

Curriculum, how many times have I heard the word thrown out there with little or no regard to what it means. Supposedly it’s interchange about with “course design.” I hear, “Oh, I gotta go and right curriculum tonight.” or “we can just whip up a curriculum.”  I hear these things and I want to cringe, hide, take cover, or want to say what Inigo Montoya says in the Princess Bride, “You keep using that word. I do not think it means what you think it means.”

Let’s look at what the word means according to Wikipedia (I love Wikipedia – so Hush!) 

“In education, a curriculum (/kəˈrɪkjᵿləm/; plural: curricula /kəˈrɪkjᵿlə/ or curriculums) is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process.[1][2] The term often refers specifically to a planned sequence of instruction, or to a view of the student’s experiences in terms of the educator’s or school’s instructional goals. In a 2003 study Reys, Reys, Lapan, Holliday and Wasman refer to curriculum as a set of learning goals articulated across grades that outline the intended mathematics content and process goals at particular points in time throughout the K–12 school program.[3] Curriculum may incorporate the planned interaction of pupils with instructional content, materials, resources, and processes for evaluating the attainment of educational objectives.[4] Curriculum is split into several categories, the explicit, the implicit (including the hidden), the excluded and the extra-curricular.[5][6][7]


So what can we gather from the above:

  • It’s set by an institution
  • It’s part of instructional goals of an institution
  • And it’s preset by the institution

Let’s look at Google’s definition of Curriculum:

“the subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college.”


For the fun of it let’s look at Meriam Webster’s definition:

Definition of curriculum



play-lə\ also


  1. 1:  the courses offered by an educational institution the high school curriculum

  2. 2:  a set of courses constituting an area of specialization the engineering curriculum the biological sciences curriculumt he liberal arts curriculum

The different plural forms of curriculum

Curriculum is from New Latin (a post-medieval form of Latin used mainly in churches and schools and for scientific coinages), in which language it means “a course of study.” It shares its ultimate root in classical Latin, where it meant “running” or “course” (as in “race course”), with words such as corridor, courier, and currency, all of which come from Latin currere “to run.”

As is the case with many nouns borrowed directly from Latin, there is often some confusion as to the proper way to form its plural. Both curricula and curriculums are considered correct.

This word is frequently seen in conjunction with vitae; a curriculum vitae (Latin for “course of (one’s) life”) is “a short account of one’s career and qualifications prepared typically by an applicant for a position” – in other words, a résumé. Curriculum vitae is abbreviated CV, and is pluralized as curriculavitae. (“Curriculum.” Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2017.)

Okay, now that we looked at the definition of Curriculum, it is not something that an Instructor, faculty, or teacher creates, but rather an institution. The Curriculum covers many subjects and gives a prescription and direction in what the institution desires for what is taught.

What is it then people mean by writing a Curriculum? They are writing lesson plans, a syllabus, content for the class they will teach, designing instruction, writing lesson objectives or outcomes, or other direct course needs. Some are engaged in Instructional Design or even Lesson Design, where the learners are centric to the development of the material, while Curriculum Design is about the Institutions needs.

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